Bruce G Charlton

Selected Publications up to December 2008
(single author, unless otherwise indicated)

Genospirituality: Genetic engineering for spiritual and religious enhancement Medical Hypotheses 2008; 71: 825-828

Pioneering studies of IQ by G.H. Thomson and J.F. Duff - An example of established knowledge subsequently 'hidden in plain sight' Medical Hypotheses 2008; 71: 625-628

Figureheads, ghost-writers and pseudonymous quant bloggers: The recent evolution of authorship in science publishing. Medical Hypotheses 2008; 71: 475-480.

Zombie science: A sinister consequence of evaluating scientific theories purely on the basis of enlightened self-interest. Medical Hypotheses 2008; 71: 327-329

Mavericks versus team players: The trade-off between shared glory and making a personal contribution. Medical Hypotheses 2008; 71: 165-167

False, trivial, obvious: Why new and revolutionary theories are typically disrespected Medical Hypotheses 2008; 71: 1-3

First a hero of science and now a martyr to science: The James Watson Affair - Political correctness crushes free scientific communication. Medical Hypotheses 2008; 70: 1077-1080

Charlton, B.G., Andras, P. Stimulating revolutionary science with mega-cash prizes Medical Hypotheses 2008; 70: 709-713

A book of ideas collected from Medical Hypotheses: Death can be cured by Roger Dobson . Medical Hypotheses 2008; 70: 905-909

Charlton, B.G., Andras, P. 'Down-shifting' among top UK scientists? - The decline of 'revolutionary science' and the rise of 'normal science' in the UK compared with the USA. Medical Hypotheses 2008; 70: 465-472

Crick's gossip test and Watson's boredom principle: A pseudo-mathematical analysis of effort in scientific research Medical Hypotheses 2008: 70: 1-3

Jacob Bronowski's principle of tolerance. Medical Hypotheses 2008; 70: 215-217 Charlton, B. G., & Andras, P. (2007). Evaluating universities using simple scientometric research-output metrics: Total citation counts per university for a retrospective seven-year rolling sample. Science and Public Policy, 34(8), 555-563.

Charlton BG. Peer usage versus peer review. BMJ. 2007; 335: 451.

Charlton, BG. The bowling equivalent of the batting average: quantitative evaluation of the contribution of bowlers in cricket using a novel statistic of ‘Extra Runs Saved per Match’ (ERS/M). OR Insight. 2007; 20: 3-9.

Andras P, Charlton BG, Herald NDJ. Analysis of the dynamics of British academic science. NTIS Selected Reports. http://hdl.handle,net/123456789/10011

Charlton, B. G., & Andras, P. (2007). Complex biological memory conceptualized as an abstract communication system-human long term memories grow in complexity during sleep and undergo selection while awake (2007) Understanding Complex Systems, 2007, pp. 325-339.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). How can the English-language scientific literature be made more accessible to non-native speakers? journals should allow greater use of referenced direct quotations in 'component-oriented' scientific writing. Medical Hypotheses, 69(6), 1163-1164.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Medical Hypotheses 2006 impact factor rises to 1.3 - A vindication of the editorial review' system for revolutionary science. Medical Hypotheses, 69(5), 967-969.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). An evolutionary cosmology for scientists - and the modern world in general. Medical Hypotheses, 69(4), 713-717.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Scientific discovery, peak experiences and the col-oh-nell flastratus! phenomenon. Medical Hypotheses, 69(3), 475-477.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Psychological neoteny and higher education: Associations with delayed parenthood. Medical Hypotheses, 69(2), 237-240.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Measuring revolutionary biomedical science 1992-2006 using Nobel prizes, Lasker (clinical medicine) awards and Gairdner awards (NLG metric). Medical Hypotheses, 69(1), 1-5.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Which are the best nations and institutions for revolutionary science 1987-2006? analysis using a combined metric of Nobel prizes, Fields medals, Lasker awards and Turing awards (NFLT metric). Medical Hypotheses, 68(6), 1191-1194.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Scientometric identification of elite 'revolutionary science' research institutions by analysis of trends in Nobel prizes 1947-2006. Medical Hypotheses, 68(5), 931-934.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Alienation, recovered animism and altered states of consciousness. Medical Hypotheses, 68(4), 727-731.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). Why there should be more science Nobel prizes and laureates - and why proportionate credit should be awarded to institutions. Medical Hypotheses, 68(3), 471-473.

Charlton, B. G. (2007). From nutty professor to buddy love - personality types in modern science. Medical Hypotheses, 68(2), 243-244.

Charlton, B.G. (2007). Mega-prizes in medicine: Big cash awards may stimulate useful and rapid therapeutic innovation. Medical Hypotheses, 68 (1), 1-3.

Charlton BG. Why are doctors still prescribing neuroleptics? QJM. 2006; 99: 417-20.

Charlton BG. Why medical research needs a new specialty of 'pure medical science'. Clinical Medicine. 2006; 6: 163-5.

Charlton BG. Lectures are such an effective teaching method because they exploit evolved human psychology to improve learning. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 67: 1261-5.

Charlton BG. The rise of the boy-genius: psychological neoteny, science and modern life. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 67:679-81.

Charlton BG. The busy shall inherit the earth: The evolution from 'hard work' to 'busyness' in modern science and society. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 67: 1003-5

Charlton BG. Despite their inevitable conflicts--science, religion and New Age spirituality are essentially compatible and complementary activities. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 67: 433-6.

Charlton BG. The paradox of the modern mass media: probably the major source of social cohesion in liberal democracies, even though its content is often socially divisive. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 67: 205-8.

Charlton BG. Scientific life should be measured in seven year units. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 66: 1051-2.

Charlton BG. Science school and culture school: improving the efficiency of high school science teaching in a system of mass science education. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 67: 1-5.

Charlton BG. Globalization in science education: an inevitable and beneficial trend. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 66: 869-73.

Charlton BG. Medicine and the space odyssey. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 66: 687-8.

Charlton BG. Science as a general education: Conceptual science should constitute the compulsory core of multi-disciplinary undergraduate degrees. Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 66: 451-3.

Charlton BG Boom or bubble? Is medical research thriving or about to crash? Medical Hypotheses. 2006; 66: 1-2.

Charlton B, Andras P. Replacing the RAE with outcome metrics: Quantity of published research is predictive of quality. Oxford Magazine 2006: 252: 5-6

Charlton B Andras P. Oxford University's Research Output in the UK context – Thirty-year analysis of publications and citations. Oxford Magazine 2006; 254: 19-20

Charlton B Andras P. Oxbridge versus the ‘Ivy League’: 30 year citation trends. Oxford Magazine 2006: 255: 16-17

Charlton B Andras P. Best in the arts, catching-up in science – what is the best future for Oxford? Oxford Magazine 2006; 256: 25-6

Andras, P & Charlton, BG (2005) Faults, errors and failures in communications: A systems theory perspective on organisational structure. In: Besnard, D, Gacek, C, Jones, CB (Eds.) Structure for Dependability: Computer-Based Systems from an Interdisciplinary Perspective, Springer-Verlag, pp.189-216.

If 'atypical' neuroleptics did not exist, it wouldn't be necessary to invent them: perverse incentives in drug development, research, marketing and clinical practice. Medical Hypotheses. 2005; 65: 1005-9.

Self-management of psychiatric symptoms using over-the-counter (OTC) psychopharmacology: the S-DTM therapeutic model - Self-diagnosis, self-treatment, self-monitoring. Medical Hypotheses. 2005; 65: 823-8.

Charlton BG, Andras P. The future of 'pure' medical science: the need for a new specialist professional research system. Medical Hypotheses. 2005; 65: 419-25.

Diazepam with your dinner, Sir? The lifestyle drug-substitution strategy: a radical alcohol policy. QJM. 2005; 98: 457-9.

Charlton BG, Andras P. Modernizing UK health services: 'short-sharp-shock' reform, the NHS subsistence economy, and the spectre of health care famine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2005; 11: 111-9.

Charlton BG, Andras P. Medical research funding may have over-expanded and be due for collapse. QJM. 2005; 98: 53-5.

Charlton BG, Andras P. Universities and social progress in modernizing societies: how educational expansion has replaced socialism as an instrument of political reform. CQ (Critical Quarterly). 2005; 47: 30-39.

Why a Journal of Negative Results? Journal of Negative Results in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 2004 1, pp. 6-7.

Riley J, Best S, Charlton BG. Religious believers and strong atheists may both be less depressed than existentially-uncertain people (Correspondence). QJM. 2005; 98: 840.

Andras P & Charlton BG (2005) Self-aware software. Will it become a reality? In: Babaoglu, O et al. (Eds) Self-Star 2004, LNCS. Springer-Verlag: Berlin/Heidelberg, 2005,, pp.229-259.

Charlton BG. Treating unhappiness--society needs palliative psychopharmacology. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2004; 185: 194-5.

Charlton BG, Andras P. What is management and what do managers do? A systems theory account. Philosophy of Management. 2003 [published in 2004]; 3: 3-15.

Charlton BG. The last genius? - reflections on the death of Francis Crick (Editorial). Medical Hypotheses. 2004; 63: 923-4.

Charlton BG. Why Medical Hypotheses does not publish papers from the field of Alternative healing (Editorial). Medical Hypotheses. 2004;63: 557-9.

Charlton BG. Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy' (Editorial). Medical Hypotheses. 2004;63: 181-6.

Charlton BG. Inaugural editorial. Medical Hypotheses. 2004: 62: 1-2.

Charlton BG (Editor). von Arnim, Bettine. Goethe’s Correspondence with a Child – English Translation. e-text edition. Originally published in German 1835, English translation (by Bettine von Arnim). 1837. 2004.

Charlton BG, Andras P. (2003). OxCHEPS Occasional Paper No. 12: The educational function and implications for teaching of multi-disciplinary modular (MDM) undergraduate degrees.

Charlton B. Palliative psychopharmacology A putative speciality to optimise the subjective quality of life. QJM 2003; 96: 375-378

Charlton B, Andras P. The Modernization Imperative. Imprint Academic: Thorverton, 2003. pp. 87.

Charlton BG. Theory of Mind Delusions and Bizarre Delusions in an Evolutionary Perspective: psychiatry and the social brain. In (edited by Martin Brune, Hedda Ribbert & Wulf Schiefenhovel) The Social Brain - Evolution and Pathology. John Wiley & Sons: Chichester, 2003.

Charlton BG, Andras P. Auditing as a tool of public policy: the misuse of quality assurance techniques in the UK university expansion. European Political Sciences. 2002; 2: 24-35.

Randomized trials in alternative/ complementary medicine. QJM 2002; 95: 643-645.

Andras P, Charlton BG. Democratic deficit and communication hyper-inflation in health care systems. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 2002; 8: 291-297.

Charlton BG, Kavanau JL. Delirium and Psychotic symptoms: an integrative model. Medical Hypotheses. 2002; 58: 24-27.

Audit, accountability, quality and all that: The growth of managerial technologies in UK Universities. (Book Chapter). In Stephen Prickett & Patricia Erskine-Hill (Ed) Education! Education! Education! - Managerial ethics and the law of unintended consequences. Imprint Academic: Thorverton, UK. 2002. Pp 13-28.

Psichiatria e condizione umana. (Book). (Psychiatry and the human condition - Italian translation). CIC Edizioni Internazionali: Rome, Italy. 2002. Pp. xiv, 224.

The potential for pharmacological treatment of unpleasant psychological symptoms to increase personal fulfillment in old age. QJM. 2001; 94: 333-336.

Fundamental deficiencies in the megatrial methodology. Current Controlled Trials in Cardiovascular Medicine. 2001; 2: 2-7.

Campbell GE, Goodchild N, Charlton BG. Depressive symptoms in injury and illness. QJM, 2001; 94: 720-721.

Ceremonial time versus technological time. Abraxas. 2001; 18: 19-23.

Clinical governance: a quality assurance audit system for regulating clinical practice. (Book Chapter). In A Miles, AP Hill, B Hurwitz (Eds) Clinical governance and the NHS reforms: enabling excellence of imposing control? Aesculapius Medical Press: London, 2001. Pp. 73-86.

Personal freedom or public health? (Book Chapter). In Marshall Marinker (Ed). Medicine and humanity. King’s Fund: London, 2001. Pp. 55-69.

The malaise theory of depression: major depressive disorder is sickness behavior and antidepressants are analgesic. Medical Hypotheses 2000; 54: 126-130.

Walston F, Blennerhassett RC, Charlton BG. ‘Theory of mind’, persecutory delusions and the somatic marker mechanism. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 2000; 5: 161-174.

Matthews S, Charlton BG. Phenomenology of panic attacks reflects human evolutionary history of separation anxiety. Irish Medical Journal 2000; 93: 184-5

Dialog on depression. Science. 2000; 288: 975.

The new management of scientific knowledge in medicine: a change of direction with profound implications. In A Miles, JR Hampton, B Hurwitz (Eds). NICE, CHI and the NHS reforms: enabling excellence or imposing control? Aesculapius Medical Press: London, 2000. Pp. 13-31.

Psychiatry and the human condition. (Book) Radcliffe Medical Press: Oxford, 2000.

The ideology of ‘accountability’. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 1999; 33, 33-35.

Individual case studies in primary health care. Family Practice 1999; 16: 1-3

Clinical research methods for the new millennium. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1999; 5: 251-263.

The ‘anti-delirium’ theory of electroconvulsive therapy action. Medical Hypotheses1999; 52: 609-11.

Charlton BG, McClelland HA. Theory of mind and the delusional disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 1999; 187: 380-3.

Psychopharmacology and the human condition. JRSM, 1998; 1998; 91: 599-601.

Walston, AS David, BG Charlton. Sex differences in the content of persecutory delusions: a reflection of hostile threats in the ancestral environment? Evolution and Human Behaviour, 1998; 19: 257-260.

Charlton BG, Walston F. Individual case studies in clinical research. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1998; 4: 147-155.

Charlton BG, Miles A. The rise and fall of EBM. QJM, 1998; 91: 371-374.

Peak experiences, creativity and the Colonel Flastratus phenomenon. Abraxis 1998 Volume 14, 10-19.

Charlton BG, Brierly ES, Turnbull DM. Preferential amplification of mutant clones as a mechanism of ageing. QJM 1998; 91: 865-6.

Life before health: against the sentimentalising of medicine. Chapter in Faking it: Western society unmanned by sentimentality. Editors Digby Anderson and Peter Mullen. Social Affairs Unit, London, 1998: pp. 19-38.

Natural kinds, natural history and the clinician-researcher. QJM, 1997; 90: 707-9.

A syllabus for Evolutionary Medicine. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1997; 90: 397-399.

Restoring the balance: Evidence-based medicine put in its place. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 1997; 3: 87-98.

Epidemiology as a toolkit for clinical scientists. Epidemiology, 1997; 8: 461-3

The inequity of inequality: egalitarian instincts and evolutionary psychology. Journal of Health Psychology, 1997; 2: 413-425.

Charlton BG, Taylor PRA, Proctor SJ. The PACE (population-adjusted clinical epidemiology) strategy: a new approach to multi-centred clinical research. QJM, 1997; 90: 147-151.

The future of clinical research: from megatrials towards methodological rigour and representative sampling. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 1996; 2: 159-169.

Endogenous parasitism: a biological process with implications for senescence, Evolutionary Theory, 1996; 11: 119-124.

Should epidemiologists be pragmatists, biostatisticians or clinical scientists? Epidemiology, 1996; 7: 552-554.

The uses and abuses of meta-analysis. Family Practice, 1996; 13: 397-401.

Mega-trials are based on a methodological mistake, British Journal of General Practice, 1996; 46: 429-431.

The scope and nature of epidemiology. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1996; 49: 623-626.

Epidemiology and the 'ideal' epidemiologist. Journal of the Irish Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons, 1996; 25: 89-92.

Attribution of causation in epidemiology: chain or mosaic? Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1996; 49: 105-107.

Statistical malpractice. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 1996; 30; 112-114.

A new science of health: Salutology and the evolutionary perspective. QJM, 1996; 89: 233-236.

Charlton BG, Michie AF, Gorton RK, Pugh E. An 'early warning system' for health needs: surveillance of the quality of clinical services by audit of ECRs. Public Health, 1996; 110: 21-23.

Senescence, cancer and 'endogenous parasites': a salutogenic hypothesis. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 1996; 30: 10-12.

What is the ultimate cause of socio-economic inequalities in health? An explanation in terms of evolutionary psychology. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1996; 89: 3-8.

Keeping your distance. (Book Chapter). In Gentility recalled. London: Social Affairs Unit, 1996: 157-166.

Noradrenergic innervation to the adrenal cortex is responsible for control of basal glucocorticoid secretion: a model. Medical Hypotheses, 1995: 44: 214-216.

Is immortality a possibility? A thought experiment concerning the inevitability of senescence due to endogenous parasitism. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine,1995, 39, 146-149.

Cognitive neuropsychiatry and the future of diagnosis: a 'PC' model of the mind. British Journal of Psychiatry, 1995; 167: 149-153.

A critique of Geoffrey Rose's 'population strategy' for preventive medicine. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1995; 88: 607-610.

Charlton BG, White M. Living on the margin: a model for socio-economic differentials in health. Public Health, 1995; 109: 235-243.

Mega-trials: methodological issues and implications for clinical effectiveness. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 1995; 29: 96-100.

Kelly MP, Charlton BG. The modern and the post-modern in health promotion. (Book Chapter) In Sociology and health promotion: the new public health. Ed. Sarah Nettleton. London: Routledge, 1995. pp 78-90

Psychiatric implications of surgery and critical care. (Book Chapter) In Applied physiology for surgery and critical care. Ed M A Glasby & CL-H Huang. London: Butterworth Heinemann, 1995. pp 739-742

McNicol AM, Richmond J, Charlton BG. General innervation of the human adrenal cortex: a study using PGP 9.5 immunohistochemistry. Acta Anatomica. 1994; 151: 120-123.

Understanding RCTs: explanatory or pragmatic? Family Practice, 1994; 11: 243-244.

Practice guidelines and practical judgement: the role of mega-trials, meta-analysis and consensus. British Journal of General Practice, 1994, 44, 290-292.

Charlton BG, Calvert N, White M, Rye GP, Conrad W, van Zwanenberg T. Health promotion priorities for general practice: constructing and using 'indicative prevalences'. BMJ, 1994; 308: 1019-1022.

Is inequality bad for the national health? Lancet, 1994; 343: 221-2.

A critique of Health of the Nation. (Book Chapter). In Preventionitis: the exaggerated claims of health promotion. Ed: James Le Fanu. London: Social Affairs Unit,1994, pp 46-55

Gilchrist AB, Leake A, Charlton BG. Innervation of the human adrenal cortex: simultaneous visualisation using acetylcholinesterase histochemistry and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase immunohistochemistry. Acta Anatomica, 1993;146:31-5

Public health versus personal health. Public Health, 1993; 107: 397-9.

Kelly MP, Charlton BG, Hanlon P. The four levels of health promotion: an integrated approach. Public Health, 1993; 107: 319-326

Sexual ethics in psychiatry. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 1993;6 : 713-6.

Medicine and post-modernity. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 1993; 86: 497-9.

Holistic medicine - or the humane doctor? British Journal of General Practice, 1993; 43: 475-7.

Rival concepts of health: science and medicine. Journal of the Balint Society, 1993; 12-16.

Service implications of the Calman report. BMJ 1993; 307: 338-9.

Management of science. Lancet, 1993; 342: 99-100.

Public health medicine: a different kind of ethics?. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1993;86:194-5

The doctor's aim in a pluralistic society: a response to 'Healing in medicine'. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 1993;86,125-6

Underlying trends in the health service: a master theory. British Medical Journal. 1993;306:526

Kelly MP, Davies JK, Charlton BG. Healthy Cities: a modern problem or a post-modern solution? (Book Chapter) In Healthy Cities: Research and Practice. Ed: J K Davies, M P Kelly. London: Routledge,1993, 159-167.

Charlton BG, McGadey J, Russell D, Neal DE. Noradrenergic innervation of the human adrenal cortex as revealed by dopamine-beta-hydroxylase immunohistochemistry. Journal of Anatomy, 1992;180:501-506

"-Isms" and psychiatry: the threat of single issue politics. Psychiatric Bulletin, 1992;16:669-70

General and applied psychiatric ethics. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 1992;5:731-733

Words: "Stress". Journal of Medical Ethics, 1992;18:156-159

Philosophy of medicine: alternative or scientific? Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1992;85:436-8.

Kelly MP, Charlton BG. A scientific basis for health promotion: time for a new philosophy? British Journal of General Practice, 1992;42;223-4

Downie RS and Charlton B. The making of a doctor - Medical education in theory and practice. (Book). (additional chapters: K C Calman and J McCormick). Oxford University Press, 1992

Charlton BG Neal DE, Simmons NL 125I - Vasoactive intestinal peptide binding in human kidney. Mineral and Electrolyte Metabolism.1991 17:372-376

Charlton BG, Nkomazana OF, McGadey J, Neal DE. A preliminary study of acetylcholinesterase-positive innervation in the human adrenal cortex. Journal of Anatomy 1991, 176: 99-104.

The double-blind, randomized controlled trial and its place in medicine. British Journal of General Practice, 1991;41:355-6

Reshaping the preclinical medical curriculum: a modest proposal. Biochemical Education, 1991;19:192-3

What makes a good teacher?. Biochemical Education, 1991;15:490-2

Endocrine physiology and the value of case studies. Journal of Endocrinology, 1991;130:1-2

Stories of sickness. British Journal of General Practice, 1991;41:222-3

A practical proposal for reform of preclinical education: core curriculum and science projects. Medical Teacher, 1991;13:21-8

Anatomy past and present. British Medical Journal, 1991;302:1001-2

The story so far. pp 10-21.Checklist and unpublished material by Alasdair Gray pp 156-208. (Two Book Chapters). In The Arts of Alasdair Gray, edited by Robert Crawford and Thom Nairn. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh. 1991.

Lunacy, insanity and the purpose of psychiatry. Psychiatric Bulletin, 1990;14:663-5

A critique of biological psychiatry. Psychological Medicine, 1990;20:3-6.

Adrenal cortical innervation and glucocorticoid secretion. Journal of Endocrinology, 1990;126:5-8

Leake A, Charlton BG, Lowry PJ, Jackson S, Fairbairn A, Ferrier IN. Plasma N-POMC, ACTH and cortisol concentrations in a psychogeriatric population. British Journal of Psychiatry1990;156:676-679.

Charlton BG, Neal DE, Simmons NL. Vasoactive intestinal peptide stimulation of human renal adenylate cyclase in vitro. Journal of Physiology, 1990; 423: 475-484.

Charlton BG, Ferrier IN. Corticotropin-releasing hormone and the pro-opiomelanocortin-derived peptides in depression (Book chapter). In Neuropsychopharmacology, Ed. W E Bunney, H Hippius, G Laakmann, M Schmauss. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. 1990, pp 540-548

Charlton BG, Ferrier IN. Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis abnormalities in depression: a review and a model. Psychological Medicine, 1989;19:331-336.

Charlton BG, Wright C, Leake A, Ferrier IN, Cheetham SC, Horton RW, Crompton MR, Katona CLE. Somatostatin-immunoreactivity in post-mortem brain from depressed suicides. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1988;45:597-598.

Charlton BG, Leake A, Wright C, Fairbairn AF, McKeith IG, Candy JM, Ferrier IN. Somatostatin content and receptors in the cerebral cortex of depressed and control subjects. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 1988;51:719-721.

Charlton BG, Ferrier IN, Perry RH. Distributions of corticotropin-releasing factor-like immunoreactivity in human brain. Neuropeptides, 1987;10:329-334.

Charlton BG, Leake A, Wright C, Griffiths HW, Ferrier IN. A combined study of cortisol, ACTH and dexamethasone concentrations in major depression: multiple timepoint sampling. British Journal of Psychiatry, 1987;150:791-796.

Charlton BG, Leake A, Ferrier IN, Linton EA, Lowry PJ. Corticotropin-releasing factor in plasma of depressed patients and controls. Lancet, 1986;1:161-162.